Modafinil in the USA is known under the trade name Provigil. Modafinil is a wakefulness promoting agent used for the treatment of sleeping disorders like narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and shift work disorder.
Modafinil was first developed in France during an experiment carried out by neurophysiologist Michel Jouvet and Lafon Laboratories involving Adrafinil. Adrafinil is a still substance, but when ingested it produces a substance during metabolism. This substance is called Modafinil (Provigil). Modafinil is the main metabolite of Adrafinil.
Modafinil originated with the invention of a series of benzhydryl compounds which were first to be offered as an experiment for the treatment of narcolepsy in France. In 1998 the US FDA approved Provigil to be prescribed for the treatment of the sleeping disorder.
Uses of Provigil
Provigil is a wakefulness-promoting agent used for the treatment of sleeping disorder like sleep apnea, narcolepsy and excessive sleepiness caused by obstructive sleep disorder. Apart from sleeping disorders, Provigil has helped people suffering from fatigue due to multiple sclerosis.
The wakefulness offered by Provigil is the reason it is occasionally used by students and other individuals working in the competitive world. Many commerce people have admitted taking Provigil to improve their mental abilities to be at their top even when dealing with sleep deprivation. The side effects of Modafinil may differ according to individuals, which can show major to minor side effects
Major side effects of Provigil
- An extreme increase in activity and talking
- Feeling Anxious
Some of the minor side effects of Modafinil are;
- Back pain
- Digestion problems
You should immediately report to your doctor if you experience any side effect after taking Provigil. Some effects of Provigil on the brain are similar to that of other stimulants but may differ according to the individuals.
Legal status of Provigil in the USA
In the US all the drugs which are submitted and pass by the FDA approval process are later allotted to specific scheduled list according to their potential side effects and the possibility of addiction. Provigil is considered a schedule IV substance, meaning it is a prescribed drug only if any individual wants to buy Provigil in the US then he/she may possess a prescription to buy it legally. If a manufacturer or an importer wants to import Provigil in the United States then they should be registered by the DEA.
There have been reports about users buying Provigil in small quantity from online pharmacies which is a risk as unregistered retailers may pose both financial and health risks. People can buy Provigil online and even in the country if they have a prescription.
Under the US FDA, act drug companies are not allowed to market off-label use of Provigil. In 2002 Cephalon Inc was reprimand by the FDA as its promotional materials were found to be false and misleading, later on, Cephalon pleaded guilty and paid several fines to the US government in 2008.