Legal Status of Modafinil

There is a lot of conflicting information going around for legal status of Modafinil.

Modafinil is a class eugeroic drug which promotes wakefulness in individuals suffering from a sleeping disorder like narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Because of its ability to offer increased productivity and boost motivation in addition to its wakefulness quality, it also has off-label uses.

Modafinil is considered a controlled substance in the US and other countries which means it is a prescribed drug only. But buying it without a prescription is very difficult if a drug such as Modafinil is legally controlled matter. Legal status of a medication comes under the “Regulation of therapeutic goods”.

The guideline of therapeutic goods like drugs varies by authority. In several countries these drugs are regulated on a national level by a single organization such as the United States, similarly, in other authority, they are ruled at the state level or sometimes even both.

Generally, these rules are kept to protect the health and safety of the population. These rules guarantee the value and effectiveness of the drug. There are some limitations to some therapeutic goods depending on the risk it can cause to the consumer. Modafinil comes under the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Modafinil has different legal status and comes under different authority depending upon the country. Below you can find the legal status of Modafinil;

The United States of America

In the US, Modafinil is sold by its trade name Provigil and is considered as scheduled drug. A scheduled drug means which needs a prescription to be owned.

Modafinil is presently classified as a Schedule IV drug under the United States federal law, and it requires a DEA license to import them to a different country. If you own a prescription you are allowed to bring 50 pills inside the US boarders. The FDA doesn’t allow any off-label marketing of Modafinil.


Modafinil is considered a schedule F substance in Canada. Meaning it is prescribed drug only under Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and is subjected to seize by Canada Border Services Agency. It sold under the trade name Alertec in Canada.


In Australia, it comes beneath schedule 4 under their law. It is only available by precipitation from a licensed medical doctor. It is sold under the brand name Modvigil in Australia.


Modafinil is sold under the trade name Modiodal in Mexico. It is not a restricted substance in Mexico so it can be sold without a prescription.


In Russia Modafinil is considered a Schedule II drug. Meaning it is banned for any personal or medical uses. It is not legal to import or buy it in Russia even with a prescription.

Finland and Sweden

It is considered as a prescribed drug in Finland and is not considered a controlled substance. It is sold under the trade name Modiodal.

Although Modafinil is considered as a controlled substance it can be bought from an online pharmacy if you don’t have a prescription.